Canadian Journal of Agriculture and Crops

Volume 5, Number 1 (2020) pp 1-6 doi 10.20448/803.5.1.1.6 | Research Articles

 

Assessment of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agro-Ecological Zone of Anambra State of Nigeria

Obidiebube E. A. 1 ,

Eruotor P. G. 2 

Akparobi S.O. 2 

Okolie H. 1 

Obasi, C. C. 1 


1 Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.
2 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Delta State University, Asaba,Nigeria.

Abstract

Field experiments were carried out to evaluate the adaptability of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc) varieties to rainforest agro-ecological zone of Anambra State using selected varieties. The varieties used were: EXMF1, EXMF2, EXMF3, EXMF4, IITA355, IITA182, IITA165, IITA1480, IITA1132, ENZK1 and ENZK2. The aim of this experiment was to identify the varieties of Bambara groundnut that will be most suitable in this agro-ecological zone. The design used in this experiment was a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated three times. The parameters collected were: days to seed germination (seed emergence), percentage seed germination, number of leaves, total leaf area, number of pods per plant, pod and seed weight per plant(g), and seed yield (kg/ha). The result showed that varieties EXMF1, EXMF4, IITA165 and ENZK2 performed better than others both in growth and yield parameters collected and analyzed. Variety EXMF4 was outstanding in yield with the mean value of 5267kg/ha followed by ENZK2 with the mean value of 5000kg/ha. The least in yield was IITA182 followed by ENZK1 with the values of 2445 and 2600kg/ha respectively. The outstanding variety EXMF4 was recommended to farmers in the area for cultivation.

Keywords

varieties Adaptation Evaluation Agro-ecological zone.

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