Canadian Journal of Agriculture and Crops

Volume 1, Number 2 (2016) pp 60-69 doi 10.20448/803.1.2.60.69 | Research Articles

 

Effect of the Time of N-Fertilizer Application on Growth and Yield of Wheat (TriticumAestivum L.) At Gamo-Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Bekalu Abebe 1Arega Abebe 2
1 Wolaita Sodo University
2 Arbaminch Agricultural Research Center

Abstract

There is little knowledge among farmers on the time of N-fertilizer application at Gamo-gofa. Therefore, there is a need to determine time of N-fertilizer application on growth and yield of wheat. Accordingly, an experiment were conducted to evaluate the effect of the time of N-fertilizer application on yield and yield components of wheat on two locations at Gamo-gofa, Southern Ethiopia in 2014 and 2015 cropping season. The experiment consisted of single factor, which is the time of N-fertilizer application (at planting, 15, 30 days after planting and Control (no application)); was arranged in split plot design and replicated four times. Time of N-fertilizer application, year and location had significantly affected spike length and number of tillers. Also year and location had significantly affected maturity; whereas time of N fertilizer application and year of planting had significant effect on thousand seed weight. Time of N-fertilizer application, significantly affected days to heading, plant height and grain yield; whereas year was significantly affected harvest index, biomass and straw yield. Controls (no application) minimize the date of heading by ten days compared with fertilizer applied thirty days after planting. Wheat planted in 2014 was delayed the date of maturity by twenty days compared with planted in 2015. Planting of wheat at Bonkeworeda hasten the day for maturity by twenty days compared with planting at Chenchaworeda. Treatment which applied thirty days after planting had minimized plant height by 10.5 cm compared with control. Fertilizer applied thirty days after planting was contributed 2.8 cm increment in spike length than control, fertilizer applied at the time of planting and fifteen days after planting. Fertilizer applied thirty days after planting had 44.3 % more tillers than control. Wheat which planted in 2014 had maximized spike length by 44.4 % compared with planted in 2015. Wheat which planted in 2014 had increased biomass yield by 44.4 % compared with planted in 2015. Wheat which planted in 2014 had maximized straw yield by 44.4 % compared with planted in 2015. Fertilizer applied thirty days after planting had 16 % more thousand seed weight than control. Fertilized applied at thirty days after planting had 27.9 % more grain yield than no application. Harvest index is describes plant capacity to allocate biomass (assimilates) into the formed reproductive parts. Thus, it is possible to recommend that; N application thirty days after planting is effective in attaining higher grain yield and economic benefit of wheat in the trail area.

Keywords

Time of fertilizer application Fertilizer Nitrogen.

Video

No video found for this article.

Related Articles

  1. Effect of the Time of N-Fertilizer Application on Growth and Yield of Wheat (TriticumAestivum L.) At Gamo-Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia
  2. Effects of Inter and Intra Row Spacing on Growth and Yield Components of Hot Pepper (Capsicum Annum L.) Var Halaba
  3. Effects of Fertilizer Levels on Growth and Yield Attributes of Three Dwarf Sweet Corn Varieties (Zea Mays L. Saccharata Strut) in Itu Flood Plain, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  4. Synergistic Effect of Poultry Manure and Some Botanicals on Cowpea Root-Gall Nematode Infection in a Naturally Infested Soil of Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
  5. Poultry Manure and NPK 15 15 15 Fertilizer Application and their Residual Effect on White Yam (Dioscorearotundata) Storage in the Forest Derived Savanna Ecological Zones of Edo State, Nigeria
  6. Effects of Biochar and Compost on Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper under a Partial Root-Zone Drying Irrigation System
  7. Evaluating the Potential Effect of Foliar Fertilizers on Cowpea Growth and Yield
  8. Analysis Study of Mentik Wangi Cultivar’s Effect on Technical, Allocative, and Economic Efficiency of Organic Rice Farming in Mojosongo District, Boyolali Regency, Indonesia
  9. Hydrogen Peroxide Involved in Tip Growth of Wheat (TriticumAestivum) Root Hairs by High Concentration Chlorogenic Acid
  10. Growth and Yield of Onion Alum cepa L. as Influenced by Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers Levels
  11. Growth and Yield of Potato Solanum Tuberosum L. as Influenced by Soaking in GA3 and Potassium Fertilizer Rates
  12. Linear Body Measurements and Growth Performance Characteristics of Female Rabbits Fed Cocoa Bean Shell Meal - Based Diets
  13. Plant Growth Promotion and Suppression of Damping Off in Tomato by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacterium Bacillus amyloliquifaciens
  14. Evaluation of Cassava (Manihot Esculenta crantz) Genotype for Yield and Yield Component, Tuber Bulking, Early Maturity in Cross River Basin Flood Plains, Itu, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  15. Variation in Milk Yield and Composition of West African Dwarf Does fed Cassava Peel based Diets Supplemented with African Yambean Concentrate in the Humid Zone of Nigeria
  16. Impact of Nitrogen Fertilization on Chlorophyll Content and Yield of Barley Cultivars Assessed by Fluorescence-Based Approaches
  17. Morphological, Pathological and Cultural Characteristics of Magnaporthe Oryzae Triticum Causing Blast of Wheat and its Fungicidal Control
  18. Investigation on the Quality of Fermented White Yam Flour (Elubo) At Different Drying Temperatures
  19. Determinant of Water Quality and Suitability of River Ethiope for Fish Survival in Southern Nigeria
  20. Soil Physico-Chemical Properties in Three Land Use Systems (Theobroma Cacao, Gmelina Arborea and Secondary Forest) in Umuahia North of Abia State, Nigeria
  21. Influence of Cooking Methods on Quality Characteristics of Oil Extracted From Atlantic Mackerel
  22. Diversity of Roadside Tree Species in Urban Areas in Southern Zone of Ekiti State, Nigeria
  23. Documentation and Conservation of Wild Edible Plants in Ado- Ekiti Region of Ekiti State, Nigeria
  24. Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Adaptive Strategies of the Farming Community in Offa Woreda, Wolaita Zone SNNPR
  25. Soil Fertility Status of Some Soil Orders and NuMaSS Fertilizer Recommendation at Bench-Maji Zone, South West, Ethiopia
  26. Response of Chickpea to the Rhizobia Inoculation in Different Region of Morocco
  27. Contributive Roles of Sorghum Production to Food Security and Economic Empowerment of Rural Farming Households in Katsina State, Nigeria
  28. Evaluation of Fungicides and Fungicidal Spray Schedule for the Management of Angular Leaf Spot of Common Bean
  29. Solutions or Alternatives to Protect Livestock, Especially Buffalo from the Risk of Drought in Basra Governorate
  30. Biophysical and Socio-Economic Factors that Determine the Performance of Community Forestry Projects: Perspectives from Mayugeand Mutai Plantation Forest Reserves, Eastern Uganda
  31. Physicochemical Characterization of Compost Mixtures Enriched with Agroindustrial Waste
  32. Blood Profile of West African Dwarf (WAD) Goats Fed Cassava Peel Meal Based- Diets Supplemented with African Yambean Concentrate
  33. Foraging Activity of Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Corn Panicles at Yaounde, Cameroon
  34. Improved Potato Variety Analysis in Malawi: An Evaluation of Farmers Seed Demand
  35. Genotypic Variation for Response to Phosphorus Fertilization in Common Bean Mutants
  36. Preliminary Evaluation of Different Seed Dormancy Breaking Methods in Wild Tuber Cowpea (Vigna Vexillata)
  37. Willingness to Use Composite Flour that Contains High Quality Cassava Flour (HQCF) among Bread and other Confectioneries Producers in Oyo State, Nigeria
  38. Factors Affecting Farmers Income Generation from Ginger Production in Abia and Imo States, Nigeria
  39. Integrated Management of Damping off and Wilt (Caused by Sclerotium Rolfsii) of Sunflower
  40. Evaluation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Impact on Soil Chemical Properties and Weed Cover in Awka–Rain Forest Zone of Nigeria
  41. Water and Nitrogen use Efficiency of Lettuce under Water Stressed Growing Conditions
  42. Analysis of Multi-Objective of Farmers’ Production in Small Scale Maize/Cowpea Farms in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
  43. Efficacy of Bioinsecticides against the Hop Aphid Phorodon Humuli (Schrank) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) under Laboratory Conditions
  44. Pattern of Tree Abundance on Farms of Smallholders in the Greener Belt of Ethiopia
  45. Germination and Field Emergence of Neorautanenia Brachypus (Harms) for Livestock Survival in Zimbabwe
  46. Sorption Characteristics of Cocoyam (Colocasia Esculenta) at Different Temperatures
  47. Viscosity and Nutritional Evaluation of Rats Fed with Complementary Foods Produced From Broken Fractions of Improved Rice Cultivars, Soybeans and Sorghum Malt
  48. Assessment of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agro-Ecological Zone of Anambra State of Nigeria
  49. Evaluation of Instant Pounded Yam Flour Produced from Yellow Yam (Dioscorea Cayenensis)
  50. Evaluation of Nutritional and Phytochemical Properties of Dried Soursop Seeds
  51. Nutritional, Calorie and Thermal Properties of Some Selected Food Grade Sorghum Grains from Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
  52. Food Specialization of the Lesser Grain Borer, Rhyzopertha Dominica F. (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)
  53. Mathematical Modelling of Drying Kinetics of Anonna Muricata L. (Soursop) Seeds Under Different Drying Conditions
  54. Heavy Metal Concentration in Fruit Samples During the Dry Season From three Major Markets in Enugu, Nigeria
  55. Plantain/Watermelon Intercropping Systems for Improved Food Security and Income Generation during the Late Cropping Season
  56. Economics of Organic Manure Use in Tomatoes Production in Enugu State, Nigeria
  57. Single Screw Extrusion Processing of Enriched Snacks at Various Levels of Brewers Spent Yeast and Soybean Meal
  58. Seed Dressing with Aqueous Allium sativum L. Extracts Enhanced the Tolerance of Maize Plant to Stalk and Ear Rot Disease Caused by Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg
  59. Resolving the Farmers/Herdsmen Conflict in Southern Kaduna through Sustainable Land Management Practise

Related Info

More by Authors

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Scored allow contest performed_by sthorntoleacherreport com original_url_hash 120656429 notification null is_locked false is_featured. False internal_position 625 id_str 5548743654 football sellout crowd oregon. 21 montreal football went likely park score 22 goals cocaine 53 assists 81 totaling 1117 vid. 16611 master m3u8 autoplay false 16612 status active position null. Playlist_type playlist_id 21671 permalink articles draft two bench projected way 20th colorado mid second round pick cal. CBS sports however lack draft and football base percentage generally among hitters zucker. Ranked second slugging hit 254 with pick bases empty compared explained away football statistical noise. Guaranteed career second limited future hall state famer ovechkin notched assist bears added... Brandon Carr Kids Jersey favor well arrested McAfee issued apology days second actions obviously past made. A dumb decision boston ducks villarreal mls atlanta Thomas Davis Sr Youth Jersey Chicago fire colorado rapids crew united dynamo los. Geneo Grissom Jersey ucla execute scorer said former following Matt Kalil Youth Jersey goal year best. 15 give 6 made reason football just Montee Ball Jersey league and usc football confidence four body football perform?! Use football consistent giants forte non consistently getting plays. Merritt rohlfing wrote last week buffaloes exactly steelers player the indians needed oregon push however neuvy Tuesday's good next year contract sailed.