International Journal of Economics, Business and Management Studies

Volume 1, Number 1 (2012) pp 9-14 doi | Research Articles


Organization Commitment of Public Primary School Senior Head Teachers

Abd Rahman bin Ahmad 1 ,

Nek Kamal Yeop Yunus 2

Norlia Mat Norwani 1 

Kamaruddin Musa 1 

1 Faculty of Management and Economics Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Management and Economics Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia


Commitment to organization is important and plays key role in the formation of an integrated human
effort in an organization. The importance of organizational commitment has attracted consideration
over recent years and has been reflected in many management studies. Specifically, the objective of
this study was to identify the significant difference between the selected demographic variables and
organizational commitment. A quantitative cross sectional research design with purposive sampling
was employed in collecting data. The cross sectional survey design was used to determine the
demographic variables of gender and ethnicity. The questionnaires for Organizational Commitment
was originated by Mowday et al., (2003). The respondents for this study were senior public primary
school head teachers who attended the three years intensive program of Bachelor Degree in
Education Management. Two cohorts comprised of 107 students were chosen from 600 students who
enrolled for the Head Teacher Degree Program. They were purposively selected because they
represented almost equal numbers of respondents based on gender and ethnicity of the ratio of people
in Malaysia. The results of the analysis revealed that organizational commitment showed no
significant different between male and female. There was significant difference for organizational
commitment related to ethnic of Malay, Chinese and Indian. In conclusion, the degree of commitment
of the organization among senior teacher has shown the differences between the ethnics but no
different between the gender. Therefore, organization need to build up the necessary efforts to
encourage and enable the different ethnics to strive their strong commitment to the organization. This
will enable the organization to meet future challenges and at the same time maintain employee’s
attachment to the organization.


commitment organizational commitment ethnicity.


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