Scientific Modelling and Research

Volume 3, Number 1 (2018) pp 1-5 doi 10.20448/808. | Research Articles


Conversion of Coconut Shell tobe Graphite and Graphene Nano Sheets Switching, Is It Possible?

Minto Supeno 1 ,

Rikson Siburian 1 

1 Chemistry Department-Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences-Universitas Sumatera Utara Jl. Biotekhnologi, No.1 Padang Bulan-Medan, Indonesia


We deeply observed howto produce graphite and graphene nano sheets base on renewable natural resources. The aims of this research are to produce graphite and graphene nano sheets switching on low temperature and versatile method and also to probe hypothesis about the soul atom. In this research, we used coconut as a raw material. First, coconuts were put on alumina (Al) and glass vessel, respectively. Then, both of them were cracked by using oven (T = 200 oC). After that, they were pyrolized on 600 oC to generate charcoal. Finally, each of charcoal was analyzed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results show while the coconut embedded on its shadow (cracking process used Al vessel) will generate graphite (C-sp3). It was probed that the sharp peak appeared at 2θ (27.8640 Å), indicating the graphite was formed. On the other hand, while the distance of coconut position was far from its shadow (cracking process used glass vessel), interestingly Graphene Nano Sheets Switching (C-sp2) was generated. It was clarified by the weak and broad peak at 2θ (23.6400). We concluded that vessel as cracking process and shadow position between material and its shadow (soulness) may affect properties of physical material of carbon.


Graphite Graphene nanosheets switching Soul atom model Lewis base.


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