American Journal of Education and Learning

Volume 3, Number 1 (2018) pp 1-13 doi 10.20448/804. | Research Articles


Methods Used by Fourth Graders when Responding to Number Sense-Related Questions

Huang, Jia-Wei 1Yang, Der-Ching 2
1 Graduate Institute of Mathematics and Science Education National Chiayi University 85, Wen Lung, Ming-Hsiung Chiayi, Taiwan R. O. C.
2 Distinguished Professor Graduate Institute of Mathematics and Science Education National Chiayi University 85, Wen Lung, Ming-Hsiung Chiayi, Taiwan R. O. C.


This study examined the methods used by fourth graders when answering number sense-related questions. Eighth fourth graders who were classified as high, medium, and low achievers in mathematics were recruited from three public elementary schools in south Taiwan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all students, in which they responded to a series of number sense-related questions. The findings showed that all students tended to use rule-based methods to solve the questions. However, low and medium achievers were more inclined than high achievers to use rule-based methods to solve the problems. Additionally, the findings suggest that students’ thinking is limited to memorizing the methods they have learned in schools; thus, they cannot use meaningful approaches to solve problems.


Method Number sense.


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