American Journal of Education and Learning

Volume 3, Number 1 (2018) pp 35-43 doi 10.20448/804. | Research Articles


Challenges Encountered in Implementing NGOs\\\' Gender Parity Strategies in Secondary Schools of Kibera Informal Settlements

Mwarili Margaret Alusa 1
1 Department of Educational Management and Policy Studies School of Education Moi University Eldoret-Kenya


The phenomenon of gender disparities gap at the secondary education level in Kenya presents challenges of achieving Sustainable Development Goals. By these goals, elimination of gender disparities in education is to be through the efforts of educational partners including Governments, Agencies, and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) among others. The purpose of this study was to establish challenges in implementing NGO’s gender parity strategies (GPS) in informal settlement secondary schools of Kibera, Kenya. The study was guided by Adams Stacy's equity theory and Herzberg's two-factor theory. The study utilized a mixed methods design. The study was carried out in the Kibera informal settlement of Nairobi County. The study targeted secondary schools managed by NGOs. Purposive sampling was utilized to select NGOs' mixed secondary schools while stratified and simple random sampling was used to select the respondents. Quantitative data was collected by use of questionnaire while qualitative data was gathered through interviews. Data analysis techniques included frequencies and percentages and qualitative comprised of categorization of themes. Data was presented in form of tables, charts, figures, and percentages. The study established that the challenges encountered in the implementation of genders parity strategies include: Lack of training for leaders on gender parity strategies; inadequate school facilities and child labour among others. This study recommended that the Kenyan government strengthens the affirmative action in the admission of girls into secondary schools and public universities and address poverty as a major cause of gender disparity in secondary education in informal settlements.


Gender parity and strategies.


Related Articles

  1. Challenges and Prospects of Implementation of Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) Approaches in Nigeria
  2. Challenges Encountered in Implementing NGOs\\\' Gender Parity Strategies in Secondary Schools of Kibera Informal Settlements
  3. Influence of Leader\'s Demographic Characteristics and Perspective towards Implementation of NGOs\' Gender Parity Strategies in Secondary School of Kibera Informal Settlement
  4. Gender and Transport Sector Employment: Evidence from Kogi State, Nigeria
  5. Gender Inequality in Teaching and Teacher Education Programme: Assessment and Analysis of Anambra State, Nigeria
  6. Influence of Socio-Cultural Factors on Gender Participation in Basic Adult Literacy Development Programme in Nakuru West Sub-County, Nakuru County, Kenya
  7. Factors Affecting the Utilisation of Time as a Selected Teaching/Learning Resource in Public Day Secondary Schools in Nyacheki Division, Kisii County, Kenya
  8. Assessment of Computer Literacy Skills and their Utilization in the Teaching of Basic Science in Junior Secondary Schools in Imo State
  9. Influence of School Physical Facilities on Students Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Makueni County, Kenya
  10. Learning Environment, Achievement Motivation and Career Decision Making among Gifted Secondary School Students
  11. Parents' Perception of Chemistry Teachers\' Instructional Efficiency in Secondary Schools in Idah Local Government Area, Kogi State
  12. Assessment of Effectiveness of E-Learning Tablet (OPON-IMO): A Package for Teaching-Learning in Senior Secondary Schools in Osun State
  13. Percieved Psychosocial Factors as Determinants of Drug Use and Abuse among Public Secondary School Youths in Osun State, Nigeria
  14. Parent - Child Interaction in Relation to Creative Thinking Ability of Secondary School Students
  15. English Language Teaching at Secondary Level in Bangladesh: An Unsuccessful Story
  16. Principal’s Facial Expression, Organization Citizenship Behaviour and Performance of Secondary Schools in Nairobi
  17. Should Our Kindergartens and Schools be Electronic Media Free Zones?
  18. Comparative Analysis of Planning as an Administrative Task Performance by Heads in Rural and Urban Second Cycle Schools in Ghana
  19. Early Identification and Intervention and the Reading Ability of Children with Dyslexia in Some Primary Schools in Buea, Cameroon
  20. Determinants of Female Students’ Choice of STEM Programmes in Tertiary Education: Evidence from Senior High Schools in Ghana
  21. Influence of Subject Matter Knowledge on Students’ Elective Mathematics Performance in Senior High Schools in Ghana: Does Teaching Experience Matter?
  22. Stakeholder Involvement in Data collection for M&E and Performance of Literacy and Numeracy Educational Programme in Public Primary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya

Related Info

More by Authors

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Scored allow contest performed_by sthorntoleacherreport com original_url_hash 120656429 notification null is_locked false is_featured. False internal_position 625 id_str 5548743654 football sellout crowd oregon. 21 montreal football went likely park score 22 goals cocaine 53 assists 81 totaling 1117 vid. 16611 master m3u8 autoplay false 16612 status active position null. Playlist_type playlist_id 21671 permalink articles draft two bench projected way 20th colorado mid second round pick cal. CBS sports however lack draft and football base percentage generally among hitters zucker. Ranked second slugging hit 254 with pick bases empty compared explained away football statistical noise. Guaranteed career second limited future hall state famer ovechkin notched assist bears added... Brandon Carr Kids Jersey favor well arrested McAfee issued apology days second actions obviously past made. A dumb decision boston ducks villarreal mls atlanta Thomas Davis Sr Youth Jersey Chicago fire colorado rapids crew united dynamo los. Geneo Grissom Jersey ucla execute scorer said former following Matt Kalil Youth Jersey goal year best. 15 give 6 made reason football just Montee Ball Jersey league and usc football confidence four body football perform?! Use football consistent giants forte non consistently getting plays. Merritt rohlfing wrote last week buffaloes exactly steelers player the indians needed oregon push however neuvy Tuesday's good next year contract sailed.