International Journal of Economics, Business and Management Studies

Volume 7, Number 2 (2020) pp 202-213 doi 10.20448/802.72.202.213 | Research Articles


Applicability of the Motivation Theories of Maslow, Herzberg and Vroom to Contemporary Business Organizations in Oman

Khadeem A. AlAmrani 1
1 Sohar Municipality, Diwan of Royal Court, Senior Project Management Specialist, Oman.


This paper examines the applicability of the motivation theories of Maslow, Herzberg and Vroom to contemporary business organizations in Oman, taking Sohar Industrial Area as a context. The data for the study was collected through a structured questionnaire involving 50 respondents. Descriptive analysis and nonparametric test of Chi-square have been used to identify the motiving factors and their relevance to the motivational theories. The study found that financial incentives, training, promotion, work flexibility, cooperation of employees, work supervision, office and field environment were the most motivating factors. Results of the study confirmed that theories of Maslow, Herzberg, and Vroom provide a basis for exposing and understanding the motivational factors in the Omani labour force context.


Herzberg’s theory Vroom’ theory Motivation Oman.


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